World No Tobacco Day, 31 May 2020, aims to protect young people from the advertisements of big tobacco companies and to help them stop using cigarettes and nicotine. This awareness day will highlight the health problems associated with tobacco use and will inspire policymakers to adopt measures that will minimize smoking and the use of other tobacco products.
Tobacco smoke contains many chemicals and particles that irritate the airways and lungs. When those substances are inhaled by a smoker, the body tries to get rid of them by making mucus and coughing.
How smoking tobacco damages your lungs ?
Smoke affects the airways in the lungs and the small air sacs. This damage starts early in smokers and lung function tends to decrease as long as the individual smokes. Nevertheless, the condition can take years to become clear enough to diagnose lung disease.
Smoking causes pneumonia and asthma. It also causes many other lung diseases and can be almost as serious as lung cancer.
Other ways tobacco smoke affects your health
Not all smoking-related health conditions lead to deaths. Smoking affects a person’s health in many ways, affecting almost every organ and causing many diseases. Here are some examples of other ways cigarette smoking affects your health:
- Increased risk of gum disease and tooth loss.
- Wounds take longer to heal
- Decreased immune system function
- Increased risk of type 2 diabetes
- Decreased sense of smell and taste
- Premature aging of the skin
- Bad breath and stained teeth
- Increased risk of cataracts (blurring of the lenses of the eyes)
- Lower bone density (thinner bones), which means a greater risk of broken bones, including hip fracture.
- Higher risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis
- Increased risk of age-related macular degeneration, which can cause blindness
- Increased risk of stomach ulcers
Many of the smoking-related health problems can steal a person’s quality of life long before he dies. Smoke-related illness can make breathing, moving around, working or playing more difficult for a person. Quitting smoking can reduce the smoking-related disability, especially at younger ages.