There are several different types of medications and tools that can help you quit smoking. Talk to your doctor, pharmacist, or local smoking cessation consultant about which type of treatment is best for you.
- Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), including patches, chewing gum, lozenges, microtabs, inhalers, and nasal sprays.
- Champix tablets (varenicline).
- Zyban tablets (bupropion).
- Electronic cigarettes.
- Other ways to quit smoking.
Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT)
NRT continuously releases nicotine into your bloodstream without you inhaling cigarette smoke. The use of NRT helps to eliminate the symptoms of smoking cessation, such as passion, anxiety and nervousness. After setting a stop date, you can start the NRT of your choice. You can use more than one species at a time, for example, a long-acting species, as well as a fast-moving species to combat passions.
There is a wide range of NRT products. They are available with a prescription from the NHS Cessation Service. You can also buy them at a pharmacy or supermarket.
Types of Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT)
Patches provides a continuous supply of nicotine to the bloodstream. There are two types: 16 hours for daytime use and 24 hours for day and night wear, especially for those with strong desires. They have different powers to reflect how much you smoke, and users should aim to gradually reduce their nicotine levels when they quit smoking.
chewing gum causes nicotine to explode by chewing. The strength of the gum and the number of pieces you use will be determined by how much you smoke. You chew this type of gum slowly, hold it between your gums and cheeks until the taste intensifies and the nicotine is absorbed into the blood, and repeat this action when the taste disappears.
Pastilles Nicotine work in a similar way to chewing gum, providing a short burst. You suck the lozenge until the taste intensifies and keep it inside your cheek until it fades, and when that happens, you start again. They usually dissolve after 20-30 minutes.
Nasal sprays may work for heavy smokers or people with severe withdrawal symptoms. Nicotine is quickly absorbed into the blood vessels in the nose and quickly eliminates cravings, although it can cause side effects such as nose and throat irritation, coughing and watery eyes.
Inhalers made of plastic and shaped like a cigarette. Users order a pipe to release the nicotine explosion. They are especially suitable for people who avoid smoking.
Microtabs are very small tablets that dissolve under your tongue and cannot be chewed. The dosage depends on how much you smoke. They may be suitable for users seeking more restrained help to stop smoking.
NRT should only be started under a doctor’s supervision in a person who has had a stroke very recently (in the last four weeks). In most cases, NRT will still be prescribed because the risks associated with continuing to smoke are usually greater than the risk of using NRT after a stroke.
Champix is a tablet that mimics the effects of nicotine on the body. This helps reduce cravings, withdrawal symptoms, and reduces smoking satisfaction. It is available by prescription and treatment usually lasts three months. You start taking the tablets a week or two before you plan to stop smoking. It is not suitable for people with certain health conditions and is only given by prescription.
Zyban (bupropion hydrochloride)
Zyban is a prescription tablet. It is usually taken within a few months. As Zyban is not suitable for some people, tell your doctor about any other conditions that may have been present before.
Some people use e-cigarettes (e-cigarettes or vaping) to quit smoking. Although they are not harmless, they are less harmful than tobacco. E-cigarettes provide nicotine without all the toxins in tobacco smoke. Smoking cessation service consultants may offer to try them as part of your smoking cessation plan, but they are not currently available by prescription.
Other ways to quit smoking
Acupuncture and hypnotherapy may help some people, but they have not undergone any large-scale clinical trials and are not licensed in the NHS as a treatment to stop smoking. If you want to try one of these treatments, make sure you see a qualified doctor.