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Many smokers want to stop smoking due to related health risks. However, quitting smoking can be difficult.

Scientists have found a link between smoking and many health conditions, including cancer, heart disease, stroke and lung disease. On average, smokers die 10 years According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), it is faster than non-smokers.

A in 2020 scientific brief The World Health Organization (WHO) concluded that people who smoked COVID-19 in the hospital had a higher risk of severe symptoms and death than non-smokers.

Despite the risks, almost 14% Adults smoke in the United States. The main reasons for this are that nicotine is addictive and difficult to break the habit. However, there is a lot of support and assistance.

Studies show that with the right approach, it is possible to break this unhealthy regime and get out of the habit once and for all.

Here are 11 of the most effective ways to quit smoking.

Why is smoking bad for you?

Doctors usually prescribe varenicline For people who want to quit smoking (Champix or Chantix).

Vareniclin triggers the secretion of dopamine, a chemical in the brain that makes a person feel good. Smoking nicotine has the same effect, but contains more dopamine – but these pleasurable effects do not last long, and this leads to the desire to smoke another cigarette.

When people try to quit their jobs, they often experience depression and anxiety.

Vareniclin reduces cravings and nicotine withdrawal effects by blocking nicotine receptors in the brain. Doctors often prescribe or prescribe nicotine patches or varenicline antidepressants to prevent mood swings.

Cari instructions The American Thoracic Society recommends using this drug as a first-line treatment to stop smoking for at least 12 weeks.

It is preferable to start this treatment with nicotine patches, e-cigarettes and other drugs. However, your doctor may suggest using nicotine patches with this medication.

Does Medicare cover Chantix and other anti-smoking medications? Find it here.

Smoking can be caused by nicotine dependence, so people experience unpleasant withdrawal symptoms when they try to let go. Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) provides low levels of nicotine without other toxic chemicals in tobacco smoke.

This can help alleviate some of the symptoms of nicotine withdrawal, including:

  • strong desires
  • nausea
  • tingling of hands and feet
  • insomnia
  • mood swings
  • difficulty in concentration.

NRT is available as follows:

  • chewing gum
  • patches
  • sprays
  • inhalers
  • pastilles

Patches are sold without a prescription from a pharmacy. They release nicotine slowly, which is absorbed by the body through the skin. It’s over a few weeks, the amount of nicotine gradually decreases as a person moves to lower-dose patches. Finally, they will no longer crave substance.

Some people wear patches all the time and have a fixed dose of nicotine for 24 hours, while others take them out at night. Your doctor can advise you on the best option.

Inhalers, gums, lozenges and sprays work quickly, but their effects are only short-lived. They can help relieve intense cravings, and patches provide a daily dose.

Cari instructions Recommend the first option for quitting smoking is varenicline, but note that the use of nicotine patches may help in addition to treatment.

Bupropion (Zyban) is an antidepressant that can help people stop smoking. Like varenicline, it reduces dopamine deficiency associated with the withdrawal effects of nicotine. As a result, it can reduce a person’s irritability and difficulty concentrating, which they often experience when they quit smoking.

Instructions From 2020, it is recommended to use varenicline instead of bupropion, because it looks more effective. Although bupropion is cheaper, it may be less profitable.

An e-cigarette is an electronic device that allows people to breathe nicotine in steam without other harmful additives such as tobacco tar and carbon monoxide.

Some research suggests that e-cigarettes can help quit smoking because people can gradually reduce the nicotine content of e-liquids in a similar way to NRT.

However, e-cigarettes can have other risks. For this reason, the current instructions Encourage doctors to recommend varenicline or NRT on e-cigarettes.

Many health professionals hoped that e-cigarettes would help smokers, but it is currently limited research to offer it.

Learn more about the anti-smoking effects of e-cigarettes.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a method of counseling or speech therapy that helps people change habits that are not helpful.

A 2008 study The 204-week CBT looked at 304 adult smokers and focused their treatment on strategies to help them quit. The results suggested that this approach could help encourage long-term abstinence.

A team in 2016 researchers He began clinical trials to study the effects of cognitive-behavioral interventions on adults over the age of 18 who smoked at least eight cigarettes a day and wanted to quit.

Researchers expect that a treatment known as cognitive behavioral smoking cessation therapy with behavioral activation components (SCBSCT-BA) will help increase smoking cessation, reduce the risk of relapse, and manage mood swings that can occur when people stop smoking. .

In 2019, the team reported positive short- and medium-term results. People with SCBSCT-BA experienced lower rates of depression after quitting and were more likely to quit after 3, 6, and 12 months.

Some people use hypnotherapy or acupuncture to stop smoking. While this may help, there is limited research evidence to support these methods National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH).

At least one review suggests that it can increase abstinence, but researchers need to do more research to confirm this.

The NCCIH recommends that people who want to quit smoking seek a qualified professional to perform these treatments.

Anecdotal evidence suggests that lobelia – also known as Indian tobacco – can help people quit smoking.

Experts believe that lobeline, an active ingredient in the lobelia plant, works by binding to the same receptor sites in the brain as nicotine. Causes mood swings and cravings for dopamine, which occur when you stop smoking.

Lobelia can also help clear excess mucus from the airways, including the throat, lungs, and bronchial tubes that smokers often encounter when they quit. However, more research is needed to determine this definitively.

Different is studying shows that smokers have lower concentrations of circulating B vitamins and lower vitamin C levels than non-smokers.

Smokers often report that stress is one of the main causes of increased smoking cessation. B vitamins are known as “anti-stress” vitamins that help balance mood.

Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant can help protect lungs from oxidative stress caused by cigarette smoke. Therefore, taking these vitamins can help you quit smoking.

However, while vitamin B and C supplements can help support people’s health when quitting, they will not help them quit.

Habits such as smoking are triggered in response to certain signals. Research shows that the repetition of a simple action in a situation can motivate people to perform that action in similar environments. For example, a person who smokes coffee in the morning may smoke coffee at other times.

But people can also develop healthy habits. Various free online programs can help people keep track of their progress.

These programs can help monitor smoking and nicotine cravings. People can use this information to plan when and where they will strengthen a new healthy habit instead of an old unhealthy one.

Explore more applications to quit smoking.

For those who are planning to get out of the “cold turkey”, making a list to stay motivated can help them when they face difficulties. These reasons include:

  • improving overall health
  • save money
  • is a good example for children
  • better appearance and smell
  • seize control and be free from dependence

By reviewing the list regularly, especially in difficult times, a person can train his mind to focus on the positive aspects of his goals and strengthen his will to quit.

Quitting smoking is good for human health and various strategies can help.

Your doctor may prescribe medications to reduce your appetite, and applications and lifestyle changes may increase motivation.

Nicotine replacement patches and other aids to help you quit smoking can be purchased online. However, it is best to start by consulting a doctor.